The human foot is a complex structure. It consists of 28 bones, which create 33 joints between them, that give unique properties to the foot, as well as over 100 muscles, tendons and ligaments and a complex network of vessels, nerves and tissues, that work together to give the body the support, balance and mobility it needs.
In an anatomy atlas, we can notice that under the foot there are many important and sensitive structures.
Depending on the type of foot we have, the way we walk and run is greatly affected During everyone’s stride, the legs perform different lateral movements, which in turn will determine how the foot comes in contact with the ground.
Very common problems that make the whole body suffer, such as flat feet, scoliosis, sciatica, can find support, thanks to the pelmatogram. An examination unknown to many can contribute significantly to the treatment of chronic pain from very different causes. Anatomical and functional problems can be identified with the help of the pelmatogram, an examination that has recently become more and more popular due to its effectiveness, and can be remedied by making orthotic insoles.
Foot diseases are among the most common health problems. According to statistical scientific data, neglecting their care contributes a large percentage to the diseases that affect them.
The mechanical problems in the legs can negatively affect the way someone walks or stands, which over time creates pressure on the lower back, causing pain.
Data from statistical surveys link anatomical deviations in the lower limbs, with the onset of spinal deformities (scoliosis, kyphosis, lordosis, etc.) and the induction of pain along the extremities of the spine in adults (lumbar-sciatica, bunion, pain in the soles of the feet).
In theory, any problem with the foot can lead to pain in the lower back, as well as other joints such as the hips, knees and ankles.
The pelmatogram is an examination that analyzes the distribution of pressures during standing and walking, digitally capturing the morphology of the foot.
It gives valuable information about diseases of the lower limbs.
It is a very simple and painless measurement that should be done by all people, regardless of age.
A pelmatogram is usually done for:
- Diseases of the feet (asymmetries of the arch), such as flat feet, cavus, varus, metatarsal problems, heel spurs (asymmetric bone growth on the lower surface of the heel), bunions, Morton’s neuroma, etc
- Arthritis, osteoarthritis of knees, hips, and spine.
- Lower back pain during pregnancy or after childbirth. (With the use of the special soles, the waist is relieved and rested.)
- Patellar chodropathy
- Spine problems such as scoliosis
- Neuralgia, intervertebral disc herniation, sciatica, lumbar pain.
- Severe sprains, fractures of the lower limbs and pelvis
- Weak muscular system
- Uneven limb length
- Lower limb problems due to diabetes and simpler cases such as calluses, skin hardenings, etc.
As with any health issue, prevention is the best cure.
If you notice something that concerns you in your or your child’s kinetic behaviour, immediately seek the opinion of the appropriate health professional.
Valid information and early recognition of musculoskeletal dysfunctions in today’s children ensures the musculoskeletal health and productivity of tomorrow’s adults.